What are Blue veins under the skin?
The appearance of blue veins under the skin is not worrisome every time. However, it is also not a condition that should be ignored. Doctors refer to these twisted, bulged or swollen veins that appear below the skin as varicose veins. Untreated varicose veins can progress to serious health conditions over time.
What causes varicose veins?
Normal veins have a one-way valve that allows blood flow from the limbs to the heart. Weakened valves have a reduced capacity to allow the forward movement of blood. As a result, the blood flows backwards and starts accumulating in the feet, and calves. The pooling of blood causes the veins to swell and distort. These swollen veins are usually located closer to the skin; therefore, they become easily visible to us.
Varicose veins can cause pain and swelling of the feet and muscle cramps at night. Being overweight or having a family history of varicose veins can increase your risk of having varicose veins. Let’s have a quick glance of the five common complications that may arise if varicose veins are ignored:
- Thrombophlebitis: It is a condition marked by inflammation of the veins. The bluish superficial varicose veins that become visible cause blood accumulation in the affected area which may form a blood clot. The blood clot along with the pooling of blood causes severe inflammation in the vein. Such a blood clot in the deeper veins of arms, thighs or feet obstructs smooth blood flow and can progress to a serious condition called deep vein thrombosis.
- Permanent pigmentation on the skin: Pooling of blood in a particular region results in the skin appearing darker. Swollen veins also exert pressure on the skin giving it a darker appearance. This permanent pigmentation is a common feature of varicose veins that have been present for a long time.
- Swelling: Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet is a very common symptom of varicose veins. The accumulation of blood in the veins gives rise to this swelling. Such swelling over long periods of time leads to skin pigmentation, pain and ulcers.
- Pain: The swollen legs are often accompanied with dull aching to a more constant pain. Typically, you will experience painful legs after standing for a long period or sitting in the same position for long hours. It eventually becomes an obstacle in finishing your routine work when the leg pain is continuous.
- Non-healing ulcers: Varicose veins make your skin more susceptible to developing skin ulcers and wounds. The ulcers usually occur near the ankles. They typically begin with the appearance of discoloured skin. It is risky to ignore the appearance of these discoloured spots as they may further develop into non- healing and bleeding ulcers.
The above conditions may occur if you ignore the bluish veins on legs. Hence, if you notice the appearance of varicose veins on your limbs, notice them worsening or have been experiencing swelling and pain in your arms, feet or legs, then do not ignore them. It may be much more than merely a cosmetic concern. You may primarily get relief from the symptoms by a relaxing foot massage, resting your feet and simply keeping them at an elevated level than the rest of your body. You may benefit from visiting a vein / vascular specialist near you. Innumerable studies have proven that wearing class 2 stockings are greatly helpful for bluish veins that appear on your leg.
To know more details how such bluish veins form, read our blog – ‘How do varicose veins occur?’
If you have varicose veins and wish to purchase stockings, click here.